RAZVOJ LOKALNE SAMOUPRAVE MODERNIZACIJA DRŽAVNE UPRAVE RAZVOJ KOMUNALNIH USLUGA I INFRASTRUKTURE LOKALNI REGIONALNI RAZVOJ I MEĐUOPŠTINSKA SARADNJA

RAZVOJ LOKALNE SAMOUPRAVE

• stvaranje organizacije sa svrhom • poboljšanje zajedničkog rada ljudi zaposlenih u jedinicama lokalne samouprave • razvoj organizacijske strukture s jasnom raspodelom uloga i odgovornosti • povećanje sposobnosti lokalne samouprave u razvoju i sprovođenju programa koji poboljšavaju živote njihovih građana

MODERNIZACIJA DRŽAVNE UPRAVE

• programski dokumenti i memorandumi • profesionalizacija ljudskih potencijala • procena razvojnog statusa i organizacijske procene • povećanje administrativnog kapaciteta državne uprave

RAZVOJ KOMUNALNIH USLUGA I INFRASTRUKTURE

• unapređenje nivoa usluga komunalnih predužeća prema potrošačima • povećanja efikasnosti JKP • identifikacija prioritetnih projekata za investicije u komunalnu infrastrukturu • edukacija za pripremu projekata i poznavanje metodologije pristupa fondovima EU ili drugih donatora.

LOKALNI REGIONALNI RAZVOJ I MEĐUOPŠTINSKA SARADNJA

• Utvrđivanje optimalnog obima međuopštinske saradnje, kako bi se ostvarile uštede • Savetovanje o pravnim formama međuopštinske saradnje • Savetovanje o usklađenosti sa zakonodavnim okvirom međuopštinske saradnje • Savetovanje o restruktuiranju opštinske administracije • Podršku osmišljavanju i radu zajedničkih upravljačkih struktura

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METHODOLOGY FOR INVENTORYING AND REGISTERING TOWN AND MUNICIPAL PROPERTY IN PUBLIC REGISTERS

     Property management is a process of making decisions referring to acquisition and management of real assets that are owned and possessed by a local self-government. This process makes it possible to maintain and generate new values through: optimal increase of revenues, control of expenditures, risk management, abidance by laws, by-laws and acts of competent bodies of local self-government units, as well as actual maintenance of property.

 

   The examples from the countries in the region show that the strategic property management affects the increase of revenues in the budget of a local self-government from 8% to 25%.

 

    According to the results of the Study on Economic Costs in State Property used by Towns and Municipalities in the Republic of Serbia, elaborated in 2005, it was estimated that municipalities and towns and therefore the entire Republic of Serbia, have lost about 1.9 billion euros and dozens of thousands of jobs in the last 15 years.

 

    In order to be ready to start applying the new law, the local self-government units are to initiate preparations with the data, information and knowledge they already have, so that they can be as ready as possible for the new law. As a preparatory activity to this end, the MSP has elaborated a description of the project for the database of local self-government property. This project description defines the contents of the database, the type of reports which can access the database, and other relevant information. Apart from that, the MSP began to elaborate the Methodology for Inventorying and Registering Town and Municipal Property in Public Registers.

 

     The Methodology contains: a detailed description of the process phases, instructions for organizations, the Action Plan with deadlines, a list of documents that are to be adopted by a local self-government in order to establish a comprehensive property management system, as well as efficiency indicators and quality system of property management (including inventory assets and registry phases). The elaboration of the Methodology is financed by the Council of Europe – the office in Belgrade, and the completion date for elaborating the Methodology is 30 November 2012.

 

 

    The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Law on Public Property, which has been into effect since 6 October 2011. It is this regulation that should finally make a clear picture of the ownership over the property used by the state and local self-government.

 

    According to the adopted Law, property owners in Serbia are the Republic, the autonomous province and local self-governments, in the jurisdiction of which will be streets, squares, parks, municipal roads and non-categorized roads. The public property includes natural resources, goods of common interest regulated by law to be public property, the things used by the bodies and organizations of the Republic of Serbia, the autonomous provinces and local self-governments. They include waters, water gangs, mineral resources, underwater resources, the resources of mineral raw materials and others. The law provides for granting a concession to exploit natural resources or the right to use, and the reimbursement for that belongs to the Republic, the autonomous province or self-government units on the territory of which the resource is located. The Law regulates goods of public interest, a type of goods of general use, such as forests, forest and water land, protected natural resources, cultural goods in public property, and others. The Law also regulates that a network, as an immovable asset earmarked for the flow of matter and energy distributed either from or to users, is goods of public interest.

 

   According to the Law on Public Property, the local infrastructure is owned by local authorities, which will make it possible for municipalities and towns to apply for EU pre-accession funds that are required to improve communal infrastructure. There is no doubt that a good quality management of the assumed property will be a challenge in an administrative and financial sense, particularly for small municipalities.

© 2012 MSP. Sva prava zadržana.